Organization and Running of the National Plebiscite for Peace in Opole Voivodeship

Abstrakt

The National Plebiscite for Peace took place in Poland between 17 and 22 May 1951 under the auspices of the Polish Committee of the Defenders of Peace. The campaign aimed to gather signatures under the Berlin Appeal announced by the World Peace Council as regards signing the Peace Treaty between five world powers. Voting was preceded by an intensive propaganda campaign in defence of peace and condemning “warmongers”. In Opole Voivodeship, analogically to the whole country, numerous peace committees came into existence before the plebiscite. A group of about 40,000 activists were recruited. Many gatherings, mass meetings and demonstrations were organized. Propaganda was conducted by means of press, film, radio and radio systems. To celebrate the plebiscite, production commitments were undertaken and special decorations prepared. In Opo­le Voivodeship 99.5 per cent of people qualified for voting submitted cards with signatures as part of the Appeal of the World Peace Council. The few refusals came mainly from Jehovah’s Witnesses and native inhabitants who declared themselves Germans or applied for departure and permanent stay in Germany. The campaign’s objective was to indicate sources of threats of war and methods for the maintenance of peace. Moreover, the campaign was to cause an increase in social acceptance of the authorities and the programme of political and economic changes being implemented by the government. The results of these efforts turned out to be temporary.

Pobrania

Dane o pobraniach nie są jeszcze dostępne.

Biogram autora

Adriana Dawid, Uniwersytet Opolski

Dr, adiunkt w Katedrze Historii Śląska Instytutu Historii Uniwersytetu Opolskiego, badaczka dziejów Śląska w XIX i XX w., autorka i redaktorka kilkunastu monografii oraz ponad stu artykułów poświęconych regionalizmowi i zagadnieniom mniejszości narodowych na Śląsku.

Bibliografia

Bałłaban J., Młodzieżowe Warty Pokoju w Zakładach Przemysłu Dziewiarskiego w Głuchołazach, “Dziennik Zachodni”, 17 May 1951.

Kamiński J., Zadanie, które zostanie wykonane na piątkę, “Trybuna Robotnicza”, 20 May 1951.

Kaniak W., Ksiądz – patriota, “Trybuna Robotnicza”, 21 May 1951.

Leksykon pokoju, ed. by J. Kukułka [et al.], Warszawa 1987.

Osmańczyk E., Cztery przyczyny, “Dziennik Zachodni”, 14 May 1951.

Ostrowski S., Manifestacyjny przebieg Plebiscytu w powiecie kozielskim, “Trybuna Robotnicza”, 22 May 1951.

Pocałun Z., Wielki dzień Paczkowa, “Trybuna Robotnicza”, 22 May 1951.

Ślusarczyk J., Ruch obrońców pokoju w latach 1948–1989. Kompendium, Warszawa 1996.
Opublikowane
2018-12-28
Jak cytować
Dawid, A. (2018). Organization and Running of the National Plebiscite for Peace in Opole Voivodeship. Rocznik Ziem Zachodnich, 2, 280–317. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.26774/rzz.299
Dział
Artykuły i Studia